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东方的埃及人做了西方的顶级教授(组图)

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月20日 02:55:15
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澳洲幸运10网投平台平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ/微信【421618535】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。东方的埃及人做了西方的顶级教授(组图)

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(《后)(现)(代)(转)(向)(》作)(者)(:(美)()伊)(哈)(布)(·哈)(桑)(译)(者)(:刘)(象)(愚)(版)(本)(:世)(纪)(文)(景)(上)(海)(人)(民)(出)(版)(社)(2015年)(8月)(  文)(景)(社)(《后)(现)(代)(转)(向)(》的)(编)(辑)(朱)(艺)(来)(信)(说)(,伊)(哈)(布)(·哈)(桑)((IhabHassan)去)(世)(了)(,这)(消)(息)(听)(来)(有)(些)(震)(惊)(,也)(让)(人)(感)(到)(难)(过)(。因)(为)(大)(约)(两)(三)(个)(月)(前)(我)(还)(查)(过)(网)(页)(,并)(没)(有)(发)(现)(他)(要)(走)(的)(任)(何)(迹)(象)(,但)(现)(在)(他)(却)(突)(然)(去)(了)(。同)(时)(,我)(也)(不)(能)(不)(为)(他)(惋)(惜)(,因)(为)(再)(过)(几)(天)(就)(是)(他)(的)(九)(十)(大)(寿)(,他)(的)(亲)(人)(和)(朋)(友)(们)(想)(必)(都)(在)(为)(他)(准)(备)(庆)(贺)(这)(个)(隆)(重)(的)(节)(日)(,好)(在)(《后)(现)(代)(转)(向)(》的)(简)(体)(本)(修)(订)(版)(已)(经)(问)(世)(,他)(或)(者)(已)(经)(看)(到)(,倘)(若)(他)(能)(再)(坚)(持)(一)(段)(时)(光)(,就)(可)(以)(迈)(过)(九)(秩)(大)(关)(,在)(我)(的)(印)(象)(里)(,民)(间)(的)(说)(法)(好)(像)(是)(,老)(人)(迈)(过)(这)(个)(大)(坎)(儿)(,就)(能)(顺)(利)(向)(期)(颐)(之)(年)(挺)(进)(;当)(然)(他)(也)(许)(还)(可)(以)(见)(证)(自)(己)(这)(本)(重)(要)(著)(作)(在)(大)(陆)(发)(行)(和)(流)(传)(的)(更)(多)(信)(息)(,然)(而)(,他)(却)(突)(然)(不)(期)(然)(地)(走)(了)(,无)(法)(挽)(留)(地)(走)(了)(,无)(可)(奈)(何)(地)(走)(了)(。  被)(誉)(为)(“后)(现)(代)(主)(义)(之)(父)(”伊)(哈)(布)(·哈)(桑)((IhabHassan)于)(上)(月)(在)(美)(国)(威)(斯)(康)(星)(州)(密)(尔)(沃)(基)((Milwaukee)辞)(世)(,享)(年)(89岁)(。  哈)(桑)(是)(美)(国)(文)(学)(界)(著)(名)(教)(授)(,早)(期)(提)(出)(并)(阐)(释)(“后)(现)(代)(”(ThePostmodern)的)(文)(学)(概)(念)(,关)(于)(现)(代)(主)(义)(与)(后)(现)(代)(主)(义)(相)(区)(别)(的)(那)(张)(对)(照)(表)((见)(文)(景)(社)(《后)(现)(代)(转)(向)(》第)(四)(章)()至)(今)(仍)(常)(被)(引)(用)(。  哈)(桑)(原)(本)(是)(埃)(及)(人)(,1925年)(10月)(17日)(出)(生)(在)(开)(罗)(,开)(罗)(大)(学)(毕)(业)(后)(去)(美)(国)(深)(造)(,先)(学)(工)(,后)(改)(学)(文)(学)(。此)(后)(在)(卫)(斯)(理)(大)(学)(执)(教)(十)(余)(年)(,从)(1970年)(开)(始)(转)(到)(威)(大)(密)(尔)(沃)(基)(校)(区)(,从)(普)(通)(教)(师)(做)(到)(顶)(尖)(级)(的)(教)(授)(,直)(到)(1999年)(退)(休)(。在)(半)(个)(多)(世)(纪)(的)(教)(学)(与)(研)(究)(生)(涯)(中)(,他)(发)(表)(了)(10大)(几)(本)(著)(作)(,300多)(篇)(论)(文)(,还)(创)(作)(了)(小)(说)(,他)(曾)(两)(次)(获)(古)(根)(海)(姆)(研)(究)(基)(金)(、三)(次)(获)(富)(布)(赖)(特)(高)(级)(讲)(座)(资)(助)(、还)(获)(得)(美)(国)(国)(家)(人)(文)(基)(金)(资)(助)(,以)(及)(多)(个)(著)(名)(大)(学)(荣)(誉)(学)(位)(,在)(世)(界)(各)(地)(大)(学)(讲)(学)(,80年)(代)(应)(我)(国)(美)(国)(文)(学)(研)(究)(会)(之)(邀)(在)(山)(东)(大)(学)(等)(地)(讲)(过)(学)(。代)(表)(作)(有)(《后)(现)(代)(转)(向)(》、《当)(代)(美)(国)(文)(学)(》、《奥)(尔)(菲)(斯)(的)(解)(体)(》等)(。  我)(见)(哈)(桑)(脸)(上)(总)(挂)(着)(迷)(人)(的)(笑)(  我)(和)(哈)(桑)(结)(识)(完)(全)(是)(因)(为)(“后)(现)(代)(主)(义)(”。90年)(代)(初)(我)(拿)(到)(富)(布)(赖)(特)(基)(金)(会)(资)(助)(的)(时)(候)(,正)(在)(为)(台)(湾)(的)(时)(报)(出)(版)(公)(司)(翻)(译)(他)(那)(本)(名)(噪)(一)(时)(的)(《后)(现)(代)(转)(向)(》,已)(经)(译)(完)(初)(稿)(,但)(书)(中)(却)(有)(一)(些)(无)(法)(逾)(越)(的)(难)(点)(。这)(本)(书)(讨)(论)(六)(七)(十)(年)(代)(美)(国)(以)(及)(西)(方)(文)(学)(艺)(术)(乃)(至)(文)(化)(各)(个)(层)(面)(出)(现)(的)(许)(多)(新)(现)(象)(、新)(问)(题)(,涉)(及)(了)(二)(战)(后)(西)(方)(各)(种)(大)(大)(小)(小)(的)(文)(艺)(思)(潮)(和)(运)(动)(,一)(些)(术)(语)(和)(概)(念)(当)(时)(很)(难)(理)(解)(,查)(遍)(各)(种)(工)(具)(书)(和)(参)(考)(书)(仍)(不)(得)(要)(领)(。作)(为)(译)(者)(,只)(有)(真)(正)(读)(懂)(原)(作)(,才)(可)(能)(做)(出)(好)(的)(译)(品)(,以)(己)(昏)(昏)(,当)(然)(不)(可)(能)(使)(人)(昭)(昭)(。于)(是)(,为)(了)(解)(决)(翻)(译)(中)(存)(在)(的)(难)(题)(,我)(带)(着)(未)(完)(成)(的)(初)(译)(,向)(他)(求)(教)(。我)(去)(找)(他)(时)(,他)(已)(是)(威)(大)(密)(尔)(沃)(基)(校)(区)(英)(文)(与)(比)(较)(文)(学)(系)(的)(资)(深)(教)(授)(,有)(个)(头)(衔)(,叫)(做)(“威)(拉)(斯)(讲)(座)(教)(授)(”,据)(说)(这)(样)(的)(教)(授)(在)(这)(类)(一)(般)(的)(学)(校)(是)(凤)(毛)(麟)(角)(,拿)(研)(究)(所)(和)(系)(里)(两)(份)(薪)(水)(,做)(研)(究)(的)(工)(作)(量)(比)(教)(学)(的)(工)(作)(量)(大)(,主)(要)(是)(给)(研)(究)(生)(上)(课)(。  他)(和)(他)(年)(轻)(漂)(亮)(的)(太)(太)(莎)(莉)(在)(他)(们)(的)(住)(宅)(里)(接)(待)(了)(我)(,同)(时)(受)(到)(接)(见)(的)(还)(有)(一)(位)(来)(自)(日)(本)(的)(女)(访)(问)(学)(者)(。他)(的)(住)(宅)(位)(于)(密)(执)(安)(湖)(滨)(,四)(周)(有)(大)(片)(翠)(绿)(的)(草)(坪)(和)(茂)(密)(的)(松)(柏)(环)(绕)(,环)(境)(十)(分)(幽)(雅)(,房)(子)(是)(那)(种)(两)(层)(的)(小)(楼)(,一)(层)(有)(客)(厅)(、餐)(厅)(、厨)(房)(、起)(居)(室)(,二)(层)(是)(卧)(室)(和)(书)(房)(,客)(厅)(等)(,书)(房)(除)(窗)(户)(外)(,其)(余)(墙)(壁)(从)(地)(板)(到)(天)(花)(板)(矗)(立)(着)(宽)(大)(的)(书)(架)(,书)(架)(上)(摆)(放)(着)(西)(方)(从)(古)(至)(今)(的)(名)(著)(,举)(凡)(文)(史)(哲)(以)(及)(人)(类)(学)(、民)(俗)(学)(、社)(会)(学)(的)(大)(作)(都)(可)(以)(找)(到)(,还)(有)(《论)(语)(》和)(《易)(经)(》以)(及)(日)(韩)(等)(名)(作)(的)(英)(译)(本)(。墙)(壁)(上)(作)(为)(补)(白)(的)(还)(有)(一)(些)(名)(画)(。他)(们)(夫)(妇)(都)(喜)(欢)(古)(典)(音)(乐)(,家)(中)(有)(很)(好)(的)(音)(响)(设)(备)(,但)(却)(没)(有)(一)(台)(电)(视)(机)(,他)(们)(从)(不)(看)(电)(视)(,说)(那)(是)(“垃)(圾)(”,除)(阅)(读)(与)(著)(书)(立)(说)(之)(外)(,就)(是)(听)(音)(乐)(,再)(就)(是)(参)(加)(各)(种)(学)(术)(活)(动)(。  哈)(桑)(为)(人)(平)(易)(真)(诚)(,乐)(于)(助)(人)(。他)(谈)(吐)(诙)(谐)(,脸)(上)(总)(是)(挂)(着)(迷)(人)(的)(笑)(,和)(他)(在)(一)(起)(,开)(始)(时)(的)(拘)(谨)(感)(很)(快)(就)(烟)(消)(云)(散)(了)(。有)(一)(件)(事)(至)(今)(令)(我)(感)(动)(。我)(是)(带)(着)(博)(士)(梦)(出)(去)(的)(。当)(年)(没)(有)(机)(会)(攻)(博)(,而)(同)(学)(中)(较)(为)(年)(轻)(的)(大)(都)(获)(得)(了)(在)(国)(外)(攻)(博)(的)(机)(会)(,这)(个)(遗)(憾)(始)(终)(顽)(固)(地)(蛰)(伏)(在)(我)(的)(脑)(海)(中)(挥)(之)(不)(去)(。到)(他)(那)(里)(去)(,固)(然)(是)(为)(翻)(译)(,但)(有)(没)(有)(可)(能)(在)(他)(名)(下)(以)(最)(短)(时)(间)(攻)(取)(美)(国)(文)(学)(博)(士)(学)(位)(?他)(的)(回)(应)(是)(相)(当)(积)(极)(的)(,这)(令)(我)(既)(感)(意)(外)(,也)(大)(受)(鼓)(舞)(。他)(说)(按)(照)(我)(已)(有)(的)(基)(础)(,他)(可)(以)(与)(有)(关)(老)(师)(协)(商)(,免)(掉)(我)(一)(些)(常)(规)(下)(必)(修)(的)(课)(程)(,并)(表)(示)(愿)(意)(帮)(我)(找)(到)(奖)(学)(金)(,但)(要)(想)(拿)(到)(学)(位)(,最)(短)(也)(要)(两)(到)(三)(年)(时)(间)(。我)(知)(道)(,一)(般)(情)(况)(下)(在)(美)(国)(大)(学)(攻)(读)(博)(士)(至)(少)(要)(4-5年)(甚)(至)(更)(长)(时)(间)(,这)(个)(期)(限)(已)(经)(相)(当)(优)(惠)(了)(,但)(当)(时)(“南)(巡)(讲)(话)(”还)(没)(有)(出)(来)(,国)(内)(留)(学)(政)(策)(还)(十)(分)(严)(格)(,我)(无)(法)(获)(得)(学)(校)(的)(认)(同)(,也)(不)(能)(失)(去)(教)(职)(,再)(次)(无)(奈)(地)(咀)(嚼)(了)(遗)(憾)(的)(况)(味)(。  我)(忆)(哈)(桑)(酷)(爱)(文)(学)(,曾)(日)(夜)(苦)(读)(  哈)(桑)(知)(识)(渊)(博)(,他)(不)(仅)(熟)(悉)(西)(方)(文)(学)(的)(各)(种)(典)(籍)(,对)(哲)(学)(、历)(史)(、宗)(教)(等)(领)(域)(也)(有)(广)(泛)(的)(涉)(猎)(。对)(东)(方)(文)(化)(譬)(如)(中)(日)(文)(化)(也)(表)(现)(出)(浓)(厚)(的)(兴)(趣)(,他)(和)(我)(讨)(论)(过)(周)(易)(,他)(的)(认)(识)(自)(然)(比)(学)(生)(们)(要)(深)(刻)(。他)(的)(学)(识)(还)(延)(伸)(到)(人)(文)(与)(社)(会)(科)(学)(之)(外)(,对)(自)(然)(科)(学)(也)(所)(知)(甚)(多)(。不)(过)(更)(令)(我)(钦)(佩)(的)(则)(是)(他)(的)(勤)(奋)(。他)(酷)(爱)(文)(学)(,在)(宾)(州)(大)(学)(取)(得)(工)(学)(硕)(士)(学)(位)(后)(,断)(然)(决)(定)(改)(变)(原)(来)(确)(定)(的)(方)(向)(,弃)(工)(从)(文)(,从)(40年)(代)(末)(转)(而)(攻)(读)(宾)(大)(的)(美)(国)(文)(学)(学)(位)(,用)(五)(六)(年)(时)(间)(拿)(下)(美)(国)(文)(学)(的)(硕)(士)(和)(博)(士)(学)(位)(,他)(曾)(谈)(到)(自)(己)(焚)(膏)(继)(晷)(,日)(夜)(苦)(读)(的)(情)(形)(。  他)(的)(坚)(毅)(和)(执)(着)(也)(令)(人)(感)(动)(,他)(还)(谈)(到)(当)(初)(求)(职)(时)(,因)(英)(语)(发)(音)(不)(够)(纯)(正)(被)(拒)(之)(门)(外)(的)(情)(形)(,以)(及)(在)(后)(来)(的)(学)(术)(生)(涯)(中)(的)(挫)(折)(等)(,但)(他)(却)(以)(巨)(大)(的)(毅)(力)(坚)(持)(下)(来)(了)(。试)(想)(,一)(个)(自)(幼)(浸)(淫)(于)(东)(方)(文)(化)(中)(的)(埃)(及)(人)(,半)(路)(出)(家)(,撞)(入)(西)(方)(文)(化)(的)(殿)(堂)(,不)(仅)(登)(堂)(入)(室)(,且)(到)(达)(其)(顶)(层)(,不)(仅)(做)(了)(当)(代)(美)(国)(文)(学)(的)(顶)(级)(教)(授)(,还)(做)(过)(国)(际)(英)(语)(语)(言)(文)(学)(教)(授)(协)(会)(理)(事)(会)(主)(席)(,这)(种)(情)(形)(犹)(如)(一)(个)(西)(方)(人)(要)(来)(中)(国)(做)(中)(国)(文)(学)(的)(顶)(级)(教)(授)(一)(样)(难)(。今)(天)(当)(我)(回)(顾)(20余)(年)(前)(,在)(他)(的)(客)(厅)(听)(他)(用)(流)(利)(且)(典)(雅)(的)(英)(语)(侃)(侃)(而)(谈)(时)(,他)(英)(俊)(潇)(洒)(的)(身)(影)(、睿)(智)(冷)(静)(的)(面)(容)(和)(精)(力)(四)(射)(的)(神)(态)(始)(终)(在)(我)(的)(眼)(前)(闪)(动)(,很)(难)(让)(人)(把)(这)(样)(一)(位)(著)(作)(等)(身)(,口)(若)(悬)(河)(的)(学)(者)(与)(那)(个)(当)(年)(来)(自)(东)(方)(,初)(出)(茅)(庐)(,四)(处)(求)(职)(,有)(明)(显)(口)(音)(的)(青)(涩)(学)(子)(联)(系)(起)(来)(。  到)(80年)(代)(中)(后)(期)(《后)(现)(代)(转)(向)(》问)(世)(之)(后)(,引)(发)(了)(较)(多)(的)(争)(论)(,此)(后)(的)(一)(二)(十)(年)(间)(,以)(詹)(姆)(逊)((或)(译)(詹)(明)(信)()为)(代)(表)(的)(一)(批)(学)(者)(把)(后)(现)(代)(主)(义)(从)(哈)(桑)(的)(文)(艺)(的)(、审)(美)(的)(偏)(窄)(领)(域)(带)(向)(了)(社)(会)(的)(、文)(化)(的)(更)(广)(阔)(坦)(途)(。哈)(桑)(开)(始)(专)(注)(于)(游)(记)(、自)(传)(与)(小)(说)(的)(写)(作)(;而)(发)(展)(了)(的)(后)(现)(代)(文)(论)(界)(也)(在)(有)(意)(无)(意)(地)(无)(视)(和)(疏)(离)(他)(这)(位)(早)(期)(的)(开)(拓)(者)(,应)(该)(说)(这)(种)(现)(象)(不)(是)(那)(么)(“费)(厄)(泼)(赖)(”的)((可)(参)(阅)(《后)(现)(代)(转)(向)(》的)(“译)(序)(”)。好)(像)(听)(到)(一)(种)(说)(法)(,哈)(桑)(清)(高)(,傲)(慢)(,不)(太)(接)(受)(批)(评)(,但)(事)(实)(却)(并)(非)(如)(此)(,对)(于)(友)(好)(善)(意)(的)(批)(评)(他)(还)(是)(持)(欢)(迎)(态)(度)(的)(。在)(一)(篇)(访)(谈)(录)(中)(,他)(曾)(肯)(定)(地)(谈)(到)(加)(拿)(大)(著)(名)(批)(评)(家)(琳)(达)(·哈)(琴)(对)(他)(那)(份)(著)(名)(“对)(照)(表)(”的)(批)(评)(。琳)(达)(指)(出)(,现)(代)(主)(义)(与)(后)(现)(代)(主)(义)(对)(照)(的)(各)(项)(并)(非)(只)(是)(“非)(此)(即)(彼)(”(either/or)的)(关)(系)(,而)(应)(该)(是)(“亦)(此)(亦)(彼)(”(both/and)的)(关)(系)(。琳)(达)(的)(批)(评)(有)(一)(定)(道)(理)(,哈)(桑)(一)(方)(面)(接)(受)(批)(评)(,一)(方)(面)(也)(辩)(解)(说)(,“亦)(此)(亦)(彼)(”其)(实)(是)(适)(用)(于)(任)(何)(事)(物)(的)(,能)(说)(这)(样)(的)(辩)(解)(一)(点)(道)(理)(都)(没)(有)(吗)(?事)(实)(上)(,在)(某)(项)(上)(,两)(种)(主)(义)(“亦)(此)(亦)(彼)(”,而)(在)(另)(一)(项)(上)(可)(能)(就)(“非)(此)(即)(彼)(”了)(。  话)(说)(回)(来)(,哈)(桑)(成)(就)(中)(最)(重)(要)(的)(依)(然)(是)(他)(关)(于)(后)(现)(代)(主)(义)(的)(理)(论)(。在)(我)(看)(来)(,他)(是)(当)(今)(这)(一)(常)(挂)(在)(人)(们)(口)(头)(的)(概)(念)(的)(早)(期)(阐)(释)(者)(中)(最)(重)(要)(的)(学)(者)(之)(一)(。也)(许)(正)(是)(在)(这)(个)(意)(义)(上)(,《纽)(约)(时)(报)(》10月)(15日)(发)(布)(的)(讣)(告)(说)(他)(是)(“后)(现)(代)(主)(义)(之)(父)(”。尽)(管)(他)(关)(于)(后)(现)(代)(主)(义)(的)(理)(论)(已)(被)(后)(来)(的)(学)(者)(不)(断)(发)(展)(、修)(正)(和)(完)(善)(,他)(对)(于)(后)(现)(代)(这)(一)(概)(念)(所)(做)(出)(的)(理)(论)(贡)(献)(仍)(会)(留)(存)(史)(册)(。我)(在)(其)(讣)(告)(的)(“友)(人)(吊)(唁)(簿)(”留)(了)(言)(,“我)(深)(信)(,那)(些)(意)(欲)(了)(解)(后)(现)(代)(主)(义)(的)(内)(涵)(和)(来)(龙)(去)(脉)(的)(读)(者)(,必)(将)(回)(到)(他)(的)(书)(中)(。”  怀)(着)(这)(样)(的)(信)(念)(,我)(祈)(愿)(他)(的)(灵)(魂)(安)(息)(,也)(将)(在)(心)(底)(珍)(藏)(对)(他)(的)(美)(好)(记)(忆)(。  刘)(象)(愚)((《后)(现)(代)(转)(向)(》译)(者)()
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