• 微博
  • 微信微信二维码

广东省人民政府首页  >  要闻动态  >  广东要闻

公私收入差距几近一倍

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月20日 02:48:05
【字体:

极速PK拾注册平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ/微信【421618535】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。公私收入差距几近一倍

中方对科威特突尼斯法国恐袭事件表示震惊和痛心 中国RQFII试点扩至13国家和地区 额度逼近万亿元 台湾新北市一乐园发生爆炸 167人受伤75人重伤 台湾新北市一公园发生爆炸 160人受伤71人重伤 货币政策双管齐下 稳增长调结构降成本 背景链接:货币政策一年多来八出“长短组合拳” 考高分却怕被拒录取 盲人高考现“考了白考”尴尬 库卡无缘赛前发布会 马宝刚:会将损失降到最低 从默默无闻到世界杯8强 女足海报“感谢”(图) 李小加:下周一是股市关键时刻 冷静下来才能骑牛 辽宁宏运结束漂泊生活 主场即将搬回到福地沈阳 U19世青赛-胡金秋砍22+11 中国首战不敌西班牙 中国最美高铁即将开通 其跨江大桥再创世界纪录 广西男子无证驾驶为逃避检查撞伤协警逃跑被拘 福建晋江三轮车突然侧翻 路过两岁女童当场死亡

(  垄)(断)(行)(业)(及)(垄)(断)(行)(业)(高)(收)(入)(导)(致)(收)(入)(差)(距)(扩)(大)(的)(问)(题)(广)(为)(诟)(病)(。
  近)(日)(,各)(省)(平)(均)(工)(资)(统)(计)(数)(据)(陆)(续)(公)(布)(,国)(家)(统)(计)(局)(发)(布)(2014年)(平)(均)(工)(资)(数)(据)(,均)(显)(示)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(和)(私)(营)(单)(位)(的)(收)(入)(差)(距)(持)(续)(扩)(大)(。
  北)(京)(市)(统)(计)(局)(公)(布)(的)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,2014年)(北)(京)(市)(城)(镇)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(就)(业)(人)(员)(年)(平)(均)(工)(资)(为)(102268元)(,城)(镇)(私)(营)(单)(位)(就)(业)(人)(员)(年)(平)(均)(工)(资)(为)(52902元)(。
  国)(家)(统)(计)(局)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,全)(国)(城)(镇)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(就)(业)(人)(员)(年)(平)(均)(工)(资)(56339元)(,同)(比)(名)(义)(增)(长)(9.4%,扣)(除)(物)(价)(因)(素)(,实)(际)(增)(长)(7.1%;全)(国)(城)(镇)(私)(营)(单)(位)(就)(业)(人)(员)(年)(平)(均)(工)(资)(36390元)(,同)(比)(名)(义)(增)(长)(11.3%,扣)(除)(物)(价)(因)(素)(,实)(际)(增)(长)(9.0%。
  “私)(营)(单)(位)(平)(均)(工)(资)(增)(速)(快)(于)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(,两)(者)(绝)(对)(差)(距)(继)(续)(扩)(大)(,相)(对)(差)(距)(略)(有)(缩)(小)(。2014年)(城)(镇)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(比)(私)(营)(单)(位)(就)(业)(人)(员)(年)(平)(均)(工)(资)(高)(19949元)(,差)(距)(比)(上)(年)(扩)(大)(1172元)(。2014年)(私)(营)(单)(位)(就)(业)(人)(员)(年)(平)(均)(工)(资)(为)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(人)(员)(的)(65%,比)(上)(年)(提)(高)(1个)(百)(分)(点)(。”国)(家)(统)(计)(局)(人)(口)(和)(就)(业)(统)(计)(司)(司)(长)(冯)(乃)(林)(在)(解)(读)(中)(提)(到)(。
  平)(均)(工)(资)(不)(能)(说)(明)(问)(题)(
  据)(相)(关)(人)(士)(介)(绍)(,统)(计)(局)(的)(统)(计)(制)(度)(已)(由)(最)(早)(的)(企)(业)(上)(报)(工)(资)(制)(度)(,改)(为)(基)(于)(家)(庭)(调)(查)(的)(数)(据)(进)(行)(修)(正)(,统)(计)(数)(据)(将)(或)(更)(逼)(近)(现)(实)(。
  “私)(营)(单)(位)(和)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(的)(收)(入)(差)(距)(是)(否)(合)(理)(,并)(不)(能)(简)(单)(地)(用)(平)(均)(工)(资)(做)(比)(较)(,人)(力)(资)(本)(存)(量)(也)(是)(重)(要)(的)(研)(究)(因)(素)(。非)(私)(营)(企)(业)(就)(业)(人)(员)(受)(教)(育)(水)(平)(较)(高)(,存)(在)(收)(入)(差)(距)(是)(正)(常)(的)(,但)(垄)(断)(使)(得)(其)(员)(工)(较)(易)(获)(得)(垄)(断)(利)(润)((即)(经)(济)(租)(),这)(部)(分)(可)(能)(存)(在)(一)(定)(的)(不)(平)(等)(性)(。”中)(国)(社)(会)(科)(学)(院)(经)(济)(研)(究)(所)(发)(展)(经)(济)(研)(究)(室)(主)(任)(魏)(众)(在)(接)(受)(《中)(国)(经)(营)(报)(》记)(者)(采)(访)(时)(表)(示)(。
  “公)(私)(收)(入)(差)(距)(中)(有)(一)(部)(分)(是)(合)(理)(的)(,由)(于)(受)(教)(育)(水)(平)(的)(不)(同)(,有)(一)(部)(分)(差)(异)(是)(可)(以)(用)(教)(育)(来)(解)(释)(的)(。”中)(国)(人)(民)(大)(学)(财)(政)(金)(融)(学)(院)(教)(授)(岳)(希)(明)(说)(。但)(垄)(断)(行)(业)(的)(不)(合)(理)(性)(是)(程)(度)(问)(题)(,垄)(断)(、特)(别)(是)(行)(政)(垄)(断)(是)(造)(成)(收)(入)(不)(公)(的)(主)(要)(原)(因)(。岳)(希)(明)(2015年)(使)(用)(企)(业)(和)(员)(工)(匹)(配)(数)(据)(中)(的)(企)(业)(和)(个)(人)(信)(息)(,考)(察)(了)(行)(业)(垄)(断)(对)(职)(工)(工)(资)(差)(距)(的)(影)(响)(,结)(果)(显)(示)(,受)(教)(育)(水)(平)(的)(差)(异)(是)(职)(工)(工)(资)(差)(距)(的)(最)(重)(要)(决)(定)(因)(素)(。他)(表)(示)(,在)(考)(虑)(到)(导)(致)(收)(入)(差)(距)(的)(合)(理)(性)(因)(素)(后)(,准)(确)(地)(测)(量)(垄)(断)(行)(业)(高)(收)(入)(的)(不)(合)(理)(程)(度)(是)(十)(分)(必)(要)(的)(。
  以)(往)(研)(究)(表)(明)(,即)(使)(考)(虑)(了)(教)(育)(等)(因)(素)(,垄)(断)(行)(业)(高)(收)(入)(的)(绝)(大)(部)(分)(仍)(是)(不)(合)(理)(的)(。从)(这)(个)(意)(义)(上)(讲)(公)(众)(关)(于)(垄)(断)(行)(业)(高)(收)(入)(不)(合)(理)(的)(直)(观)(感)(觉)(是)(对)(的)(。
  行)(政)(垄)(断)(造)(成)(收)(入)(差)(距)(加)(剧)(
  “私)(营)(单)(位)(和)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(的)(工)(资)(水)(平)(也)(颇)(有)(三)(十)(年)(河)(东)(、三)(十)(年)(河)(西)(的)(态)(势)(。”在)(谈)(到)(公)(私)(收)(入)(差)(距)(原)(因)(时)(,魏)(众)(笑)(谈)(道)(:“上)(世)(纪)(90年)(代)(初)(第)(一)(波)(下)(海)(浪)(潮)(,那)(时)(候)(私)(营)(单)(位)(比)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(工)(资)(高)(多)(了)(。但)(当)(时)(的)(国)(企)(改)(革)(方)(向)(是)(国)(有)(企)(业)(逐)(渐)(退)(出)(竞)(争)(性)(行)(业)(,竞)(争)(性)(行)(业)(收)(入)(不)(高)(,但)(国)(有)(企)(业)(的)(行)(政)(性)(垄)(断)(性)(质)(,天)(然)(就)(能)(获)(得)(垄)(断)(收)(益)(,差)(距)(就)(显)(现)(出)(来)(了)(。”
  “目)(前)(我)(国)(的)(行)(业)(垄)(断)(主)(要)(为)(行)(政)(性)(垄)(断)(,即)(政)(府)(通)(过)(行)(政)(法)(规)(对)(某)(些)(行)(业)(进)(行)(保)(护)(,其)(主)(要)(方)(式)(是)(赋)(予)(国)(有)(企)(业)(垄)(断)(性)(经)(营)(权)(,以)(及)(制)(定)(或)(允)(许)(企)(业)(制)(定)(较)(高)(的)(产)(品)(和)(服)(务)(价)(格)(,凭)(借)(垄)(断)(性)(经)(营)(权)(和)(垄)(断)(高)(价)(,垄)(断)(企)(业)(获)(得)(经)(济)(利)(益)(,其)(中)(除)(部)(分)(以)(税)(收)(形)(式)(成)(为)(国)(家)(财)(政)(收)(入)(的)(来)(源)(外)(,其)(主)(要)(部)(分)(成)(为)(垄)(断)(行)(业)(职)(工)(高)(收)(入)(、高)(福)(利)(的)(重)(要)(资)(金)(来)(源)(。”岳)(希)(明)(解)(释)(了)(垄)(断)(行)(业)(高)(收)(入)(的)(原)(因)(。
  对)(此)(,魏)(众)(告)(诉)(记)(者)(,国)(有)(企)(业)(获)(得)(了)(更)(多)(的)(国)(家)(政)(策)(支)(持)(,包)(括)(税)(收)(优)(待)(、银)(行)(贷)(款)(等)(,因)(此)(其)(发)(展)(情)(况)(比)(非)(国)(有)(企)(业)(更)(容)(易)(。但)(是)(,近)(两)(年)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(和)(私)(营)(单)(位)(的)(收)(入)(差)(距)(虽)(然)(有)(所)(改)(善)(,体)(现)(在)(工)(资)(统)(计)(上)(可)(能)(反)(而)(扩)(大)(了)(,这)(是)(规)(范)(福)(利)(发)(放)(的)(结)(果)(,一)(部)(分)(津)(贴)(会)(转)(为)(工)(资)(。
  非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(退)(出)(机)(制)(缺)(乏)(
  一)(个)(有)(趣)(的)(现)(象)(是)(,几)(乎)(各)(行)(各)(业)(的)(就)(业)(人)(员)(都)(认)(为)(自)(己)(工)(资)(水)(平)(低)(于)(劳)(动)(付)(出)(。一)(边)(是)(对)(垄)(断)(行)(业)(收)(入)(高)(、福)(利)(好)(的)(抱)(怨)(,另)(一)(边)(是)(体)(制)(内)(就)(业)(人)(员)(的)(“叫)(苦)(连)(天)(”。收)(入)(差)(距)(和)(收)(入)(不)(公)(是)(目)(前)(我)(国)(诸)(多)(社)(会)(矛)(盾)(的)(集)(中)(体)(现)(。这)(恐)(怕)(也)(是)(收)(入)(分)(配)(制)(度)(改)(革)(中)(难)(啃)(的)(一)(块)(硬)(骨)(头)(。
  岳)(希)(明)(说)(,垄)(断)(产)(品)(和)(服)(务)(高)(价)(导)(致)(消)(费)(者)(支)(出)(增)(加)(、福)(利)(水)(平)(下)(降)(,因)(此)(如)(何)(缩)(小)(收)(入)(差)(距)(,消)(解)(社)(会)(矛)(盾)(情)(绪)(,是)(深)(化)(收)(入)(分)(配)(制)(度)(改)(革)(的)(重)(要)(内)(容)(。
  记)(者)(看)(到)(国)(家)(统)(计)(局)(相)(关)(负)(责)(人)(在)(2011年)(和)(2012年)(关)(于)(平)(均)(工)(资)(的)(解)(读)(中)(明)(确)(提)(到)(,“2011年)(是)(十)(二)(五)(开)(局)(之)(年)(,一)(年)(来)(各)(级)(政)(府)(围)(绕)(着)(改)(革)(工)(资)(制)(度)(,合)(理)(调)(整)(收)(入)(分)(配)(关)(系)(采)(取)(了)(一)(系)(列)(措)(施)(。进)(一)(步)(完)(善)(工)(资)(制)(度)(为)(职)(工)(工)(资)(提)(高)(创)(造)(了)(条)(件)(。”“增)(资)(力)(度)(不)(减)(促)(进)(工)(资)(稳)(步)(提)(高)(。”但)(在)(近)(两)(年)(的)(解)(读)(中)(,并)(未)(看)(到)(关)(于)(提)(高)(居)(民)(收)(入)(问)(题)(的)(解)(读)(。对)(此)(,魏)(众)(表)(示)(,中)(央)(正)(在)(制)(定)(一)(系)(列)(改)(革)(措)(施)(,对)(于)(收)(入)(差)(距)(的)(问)(题)(,历)(来)(都)(是)(比)(较)(受)(重)(视)(的)(。
  某)(国)(企)(工)(作)(人)(员)(告)(诉)(记)(者)(,他)(们)(的)(收)(入)(低)(于)(同)(行)(业)(的)(私)(营)(企)(业)(,这)(样)(造)(成)(了)(相)(当)(程)(度)(的)(消)(极)(怠)(工)(情)(况)(。同)(样)(职)(位)(的)(高)(管)(如)(果)(在)(私)(营)(企)(业)(就)(业)(将)(获)(得)(好)(几)(倍)(的)(薪)(资)(收)(入)(。
  同)(样)(的)(情)(况)(,很)(多)(机)(关)(事)(业)(单)(位)(的)(就)(业)(人)(员)(也)(反)(映)(工)(资)(降)(低)(了)(。
  “这)(恰)(恰)(是)(收)(入)(分)(配)(问)(题)(迟)(迟)(得)(不)(到)(破)(解)(的)(重)(要)(原)(因)(。”魏)(众)(提)(到)(,目)(前)(通)(过)(提)(高)(体)(制)(内)(工)(资)(,规)(范)(工)(资)(外)(收)(入)(等)(措)(施)(调)(整)(收)(入)(分)(配)(问)(题)(,就)(是)(在)(缩)(小)(差)(距)(。但)(不)(论)(是)(国)(有)(企)(业)(还)(是)(机)(关)(事)(业)(单)(位)(,和)(私)(营)(单)(位)(相)(比)(,最)(大)(的)(差)(异)(在)(于)(退)(出)(机)(制)(。非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(虽)(然)(有)(辞)(退)(权)(,但)(几)(乎)(不)(会)(辞)(退)(人)(。这)(就)(导)(致)(国)(有)(企)(业)(低)(效)(率)(的)(部)(分)(,一)(旦)(降)(低)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(职)(工)(工)(资)(收)(入)(,容)(易)(造)(成)(最)(有)(效)(率)(和)(能)(力)(的)(人)(,认)(为)(自)(己)(的)(劳)(动)(贡)(献)(远)(远)(超)(过)(其)(收)(入)(水)(平)(,可)(能)(会)(造)(成)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(人)(才)(流)(失)(。劳)(动)(效)(率)(工)(资)(缺)(失)(的)(核)(心)(也)(是)(缺)(乏)(退)(出)(机)(制)(。
  另)(一)(方)(面)(,现)(在)(推)(行)(的)(社)(保)(体)(制)(改)(革)(,虽)(然)(伴)(随)(争)(议)(,但)(长)(期)(来)(看)(,并)(轨)(是)(趋)(势)(。适)(当)(控)(制)(非)(私)(营)(单)(位)(的)(养)(老)(金)(增)(长)(,适)(当)(提)(高)(私)(营)(单)(位)(的)(养)(老)(金)(增)(长)(,使)(二)(者)(的)(养)(老)(金)(处)(于)(接)(近)(的)(水)(平)(上)(,也)(是)(深)(化)(收)(入)(制)(度)(改)(革)(的)(重)(要)(内)(容)(。
)


相关文章

版权所有:南方新闻网 粤ICP备05070829 网站标识码4400000131
主办:南方新闻网 协办:广东省经济和信息化委员会 承办:南方新闻网
建议使用1024×768分辨率 IE7.0以上版本浏览器